WINIUM – A Desktop Application Automation Tool


WINIUM – A Desktop Application Automation Tool

Winium is one of the open-source tools that is successfully running in the market as the best automation tool for desktop applications.

What Is Winium?

There are multiple tools available in the market for automating desktop applications. One of the open-source tools that is successfully running in the market as the best automation tool for desktop applications is Winium. First of all, let’s discuss what is winium; as the name suggests, it is Win + Selenium = Winium. It is a proper Selenium-based automation framework for Windows desktop applications. Winium is compatible with many programming languages for example Java, objective – C, JavaScript with Node.JS, PHP, Python, Ruby, C#. Winium supports:

  • Windows Desktop (WPF, WinForms) Apps
  • Windows Store or Universal Apps for Windows Phone
  • Windows Phone Silverlight Apps

Another reason in support of Winium is that it is similar to Selenium and is an open-source tool. As we are familiar that Selenium holds the highest market share as compared to other automation tools available, thus using Winium is much simpler for automation testers who are already using Selenium.

Why we need Winium Automation?

There are many automation tools for windows applications available in the market for website automation or for mobile apps automation tool i.e. selenium with any browser like Chrome, Firefox, etc. Selenium is for web applications and Appium is for Android/iOS applications.  Though there are other types of applications available as well like desktop apps. To cover the automation of these types of apps we require a `Winium desktop application. So to inspect window-based application elements we use Winium desktop automation. Winium is implemented on the protocol of JSONWire which is used by Selenium.

Necessary things for Winium Documentation

To perform the desktop application automation with Winium we need some basic tools which are mentioned as follow:

  1. exe
  2. WiniumDriver JAR
  3. exe
  4. Selenium-Server-Standalone JAR
  5. .exe file which needs to be automated

These libraries are a must to start with the automation of window-based applications through Winium.

How to Automate Windows Application using Winium?

Winium works in a much similar way as compared to Selenium. There are few additional changes required at the testers' end to configure and set up Winium. The main difference between Selenium and Winium is that selenium automatically creates its session on localhost with a unique port but in Winium we have to create sessions manually through its exe file. Another difference in Selenium and Winium usage is that for automation service through Winium, we have to run a local server that supports the script i.e. Winium server, whereas this is not required while automating windows applications using Selenium.

Once the session is created for Winium it means now automation is possible but without creating a session,  manually we cannot start automation. The first step is completed i.e. to create the session of Winium webdriver. Now the session is created on port 9999. And all the automation will work on this behalf. If by any chance this session is destroyed or ends automation will stop and we have to start the session again to continue with the automation.

To automate the windows application we use WiniumDriver. Also, there are other classes and interface available which we can use in automation like WiniumOptions; which is an interface in the Winium library. The working of Winium is similar to Selenium and scripting is done in a much similar way.

Role of Selenium in Desktop Automation Using Winium

The role of Selenium is very important to perform desktop automation through Winium. Without Selenium, Winium will not be able to work, as suggested by its name.

1. In the automation of the window application we need to use some classes and libraries of selenium. For example, there is a class of Selenium i.e. by, in Winium we need to use this class as well for automation.

2. Winium uses most of the methods used by Selenium, thus any tester familiar with Selenium can easily pick on this tool as well.

3. Similar to Selenium, Winium also supports multiple testing frameworks like TestNG, JUnit, etc.

4. As Winium is Selenium based tool, it supports all the languages supported by Selenium like Java, C#, Ruby, Python, PHP, Perl, Objective C, Javascript with node.js. All these languages can be used to through Selenium Webdriver API and the language-specific client libraries in Winium.

Related Read: Why We choose Selenium WebDriver Over Selenium IDE?



Neha Sethi

Neha is a testing professional having diverse exposure in various projects and application testing with comprehensive understanding of all aspects of SDLC. She is well versed with Manual testing, Mobile application testing, performance testing, load testing, Web applications testing. She is able to create effective documentation issue report and also working with bug tracking software which is used to report the bugs. Highly motivated and excellent team player with strong interpersonal, analytical and communication skills.

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