A Quick Introduction to Risk-Based Testing (RBT)

Risk-based testing is a type of test that is performed based on risk probability. It is also defined as an RBT that includes risk management focused on identification, complexity, market robustness, and prioritizing the risks to minimize and manage the likelihood of unpleasant events.

Risk-based software testing is a useful technique that is implemented to eliminate the failure of the functions and features included in a particular project.

In the layman language, we can say that risk is the possibility of an unknown event that has a positive or negative impact when observing the performance of the project.

This type of testing is carried out by the software testers and used as an agile-based approach to ensure the business owners that software is good enough to deliver benefits to users and work accurately without critical problems.

When There Is A Need To Execute Risk-Based Software Testing?

Risk-based software testing can be executed for several scenarios that are as follow:

●    Projects where risk-based analysis may be utilized to pinpoint security flaws to attacks by SQL injection.
●    New ventures with a significant risk of factors like lack of understanding in the business domain, wrong use of technology by the unprofessional.
●    Projects that have requirements, time, and money, etc.
●    Cloud computing applications that face security issues.
●    Incremental designs and iterative models.

Importance of Risk-Based Testing

  • Boost Customer's Attention

The implementation of a risk-based testing strategy is necessary to analyze the software's threats better. The motive of any business is to grab users' attention so that they can further purchase from them. It would be possible when the merchants prioritize the tests and hire the developers to avoid the complications from the projects.

  • Drive Expected Quality

The primary purpose of using the risk-based testing model is to drive the product's lifetime quality. With RBT, you can resolve several issues within a short period because the testers already have an excellent approach in their hands, which they use at the time of running tests or flaws discovery. They monitor the risks continue to produce exceptional results for real-time projects.

  • Improves testing efficiency

Software testers play a lead role in software development. They communicate with the entire team, know the project requirements, and prepare the specific tests in an agile environment. The quality is highly prioritized by them as they have so many resources, which they very well use to avoid critical defects.

Advantages of Risk-Based Testing

The advantages of risk-based testing or applying the risk-based testing techniques on software, applications are mentioned below:

●   By implementing the risk-based approach to your software, you can experience productivity in your business.
●   It gives clear information on test coverage and ensures on-time delivery.
●   Using the risk-based test approach, the testers will let you know the changes needed to make in a software or application.
●   Certain background checks are made with the help of risk testing to ensure that the app and the inner functions will fully work.
●  The risk-based testing model is designed to improve market opportunity, service performance, and for giving cost reduction benefits.
●  Risk assessment-based test allocation is the most effective way to address the potential risks upon the launch of the online software.
●  Measurement of test outcomes based on risk assessments aids the company to explain the remaining level of quality risk during test implementation. It allows them to make wise decisions before the release of any digital project.
●  Early identification of problematic areas and the necessary measures can be taken to make the applications successful.
●  Constant risk management and evaluation across the whole lifecycle of the project. Helps in detection, overcoming threats, and fixing problems to fulfil the business projects' objectives and goals.

Suggested Read: Testing of EDI Based Applications

Risk-Based Testing Matrix

A risk-based testing matrix is referred to as the probability of an impact matrix and the risk assessment matrix in which the project team views and focuses on the risks that need to be addressed.

Risk Rating = Severity x Probability.

Probability is the metric that tells that there is a chance of occurrence for an unforeseen outcome.

Process of Risk-Based Software Testing

Risk based software testing covers various sections such as risk identification, risk analysis, risk response, test scoping, etc.

●   In the initial stage, the problems are evaluated and classified in risk-based testing. After identification, a draft register of risks is prepared by the software testers in a sorted manner.
●   In the second stage, particular test objectives and techniques are made to meet the desired requirements.
●   In the third stage, software testing, cost, time, and document dependencies are taken into account to evaluate the accuracy of the tests and applications.
●  In the fourth stage, the risks are monitored by the entire testing members because the test scoping requires the active participation of all the technical staff and stakeholders.
●  After assigning the roles and responsibilities to the team, the scope of the testing has been decided with the assumptions, test objectives, and dependencies for every stage.
●  In the final step, test cases are executed into one single format.

Can risk-based testing be Agile-friendly?

Risk-based testing can be agile-friendly and can be used by agile teams to deliver the quality-made project in a short timeline. Risk-based testing is the method in which test efforts are focused on those areas where there is a chance of the highest number of risks.

The agile-based risk testing guarantees quality assurance to both the teams and their clients. It can balance the speed with quality during tight time frames even after the many priorities and sensibility in the framework.

The agile use testing approach provides flexibility and high adaptability to chances. Other than that, you can save huge time and money & can get regular feedback from the end-users. It helps meet the technical challenges very smoothly and ensures a better determination of issues to testers while conducting daily meetings.


In today's era, hundreds of applications are designed and developed in a single day as there are plenty of automatic tools and a broad array of teams in software development agencies, which gives ease to do what the client demands. Getting a short-term delivery of software is not a big deal, but the important thing is how much security it ensures during execution.

Don't forget we are living in a digital age where cyber-attacks are very common. So, how do you assure the security of your software? The answer is risk-based software testing that has the potential to tell you what is wrong with your application before it goes into production.

Now, are you ready to perform risk analysis and remove the software flaws forever? If yes, get an immediate consultation from Bugraptors, a certified software testing company for any of your QA requirements. We deal with all types of software-based business projects and can give you the service of risk management at a minimum cost.


Achal Sharma

Achal is a seasoned Mobile Automation Lead in BugRaptors with an ISTQB certification, possessing extensive expertise in mobile automation testing. With a robust background in developing and implementing automation frameworks tailored specifically for mobile applications, Achal excels in ensuring the quality and reliability of mobile software products. His proficiency in utilizing cutting-edge automation tools and methodologies enables him to streamline testing processes and accelerate release cycles. Achal's leadership skills, coupled with his commitment to delivering high-quality solutions, make him a valuable asset in driving mobile automation initiatives and achieving organizational goals effectively.


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