In today's era of technology, the internet plays a very vital role. Crime rates are rising as a result of the advancement of technology via the internet.  

Cybersecurity is the phenomenon of protecting data from hands that can use technology to do wrongful deeds such as thefts or security compromises. As a result, cybersecurity testing is required everywhere.  

When it comes to the medical field, technologies play a critical role in medical devices. The primary idea behind using devices in the medical industry is to keep patients healthy and happy. In today's world, all medical devices rely on software to function properly, and these devices are wirelessly connected to the hospital's ITS network via the internet.   

The devices that are used and affected by the cyberattacks are Nerve simulation pacemakers, continuous monitoring, and other medical devices. The survey found that medical gadgets were the most often targeted online targets. And over 66% of health organizations were targeted by ransomware attacks in 2021 as compared to 34% in 2020.  

All in all, cyber-attacks could lead to the loss of customer and business financial detail and the loss of sensitive personal data in the customer database which can be the client lists or the loss of access to medical devices and records, or maybe the leakage of data post-breach.  

In this blog, we will aim at discussing the type of attacks that medical devices could encounter in a digital environment while going through the impact such attacks can produce and finding ways to resolve such threats.  

Let’s begin! 

Types Of Attacks That Happen On Medical Devices  

  • Ransomware

Ransomware is a type of malware or virus that is designed to prevent a user or organization from accessing files on their computer. Attackers place organizations in a position where giving the ransom is the only way out to regain access to the data that is encrypted and demand a ransom payment for the decryption key.  

This is usually done in one of the following ways:  

  • via phishing emails that usually contain malicious attachments 

  • via a user clicking on a malicious link  

  • or via viewing a malware-infected advertisement    

  • Phishing

It is a method of gaining access to a user's username or password or medical data by creating a link and sending it via communication channels such as email or messaging and forcing the user to explore the maliciously coded link.  

Malware: Malware is computer software that is planned to interfere in the network to harm or provide hackers its unauthorized access to a computer or other device. Another common threat in the healthcare sector is malware.  

DDOS Attack: When a hacker uses some connected devices, often placed in an IoT network, which is infected and managed by malware to benefit cybercriminals for overloading a company's servers with traffic, that result brings down the entire system. Patients may also suffer from harm or even lose their lives in a hospital setting. According to this, DDoS assault causes a large service interruption.  

Wondering How Software Testing Can Help Prevent Cyber Attacks?  

Read Here: What Role Do Software Testing Services Play In Cyber Security?  

As per the report shared by IBM security, almost every year, Healthcare Organizations have to spend more than $1 million on the recovery process. Thus, it becomes necessary to understand all the possible ways in which the impact of cyberattacks could be controlled and resisted.   

Impact Of Cyberattacks That Affects Health Organisation   

Loss of patient data: The records of the patient data are highly sensitive. When a hacker accesses the organization's network, there may affect the loss of personal detail of the patient or misuse of personal detail.   

Damage to organization reputation: When a medical or health care organization suffers from cyberattacks, these may damage the reputation of the organization these may impact the business regularly.   

Patient care and health: Many connected devices in the healthcare organization plays an instrumental role, just like insulation pump are connected to the network. Certain cyberattacks may change the work of such pumps that affect the life of a patient.  

How To Resolve The Cybersecurity Issues In Medical Devices?   

  • Keep Your Devices In Control: Only connect your device with another device if your device provider or other care provider is said to be you to do   

  • Use Antivirus or Firewall: Always try to ensure that in your medical device there is an installation of antivirus or firewall and ensure it works this may help in unknown users cannot access your data     

  • Backup Your Data: Make sure your device's data is frequently updated, has a backup, and is always accessible offline.   

  • Use Multi-factor Authentication: Use multifactor authentication whenever possible. It offers a further deterrent to attackers. The advantage of this is that it will be exceedingly difficult for attackers to access your data or account even if they know your ID and password.  

  • Use Encryption: Data can be scrambled using encryption so that only authorized parties can decrypt it and make sure that your data is encrypted to protect against any theft.  

  • Ensure Software Is Regularly Updated: Regular software updates may prevent attackers and may help that new security patches are fixed, and these may result in preventing the WannaCry ransomware attack or some other serious attacks.   

  • Train Your Staff: Training your staff on cyber-attack prevention and educating them on current cyber-attacks is one of the best strategies to protect against cyber-attacks and all forms of data breaches.  

  • Check links before you click them.  

  • Verify the email addresses in the email you got  

  • Before emailing sensitive information, use common sense. Any request that looks strange usually is.  

  • Service provider: Call your service provider or device manufacturer if you feel weird behaviour in your medical devices. Don't try any 3rd party app or any other fixes that are found on the internet always install the patch that is provided by the device manufacturer or service provider.  

  • Ensure Endpoint Protection: Remotely bridged networks are safeguarded by endpoint protection. Threats to security can reach business networks using mobile devices, tablets, and laptops.  

  • WIFI security: Don't try to access your personal or financial data with public Wi-Fi this may help in increasing the cyberattacks and turn off everything when there is a need for it, such as GPS.  

  • Password: Always ensure to use a strong or good password and do not share with others. 

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Also check out our Case study - Laboratory Information System & Application Testing for Medical Department


Tushar Kashyap

Tushar kashyap is a senior quality engineer at Bugraptors. He has experience of more than 10 years in the field of software testing. He is a security testing pundit who also expertise in Test planning, regression testing, black box testing, android application testing to name a few. He is well versed with tools like SQL,Selenium, Appium, Rest Assured, Java script and much more. He holds a good hand experience in providing solutions to complex testing problems.


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