Non-fungible Tokens or NFTs are one-of-a-kind crypto assets. Unlike cryptocurrencies, they cannot be exchanged for another token of the same value. The blockchain is used to authenticate NFTs used to signify ownership of digital artwork or valuables.  

Owners may buy them because they like the item, believe it's a good investment, or want to improve their social status. NFTs have worth since a large section of the population believes they do, just as real-world pieces of art or collections like baseball cards or comic books.  

Since BugRaptors is providing finance domain testing services, it always aims to highlight the emerging technologies that can change the world, this blog will aim to highlight the concept of NFTs along with various facts and risks that they possess.  

Let’s begin! 

What Exactly Is NFT? 

NFTs are non-fungible tokens (NFTs), which are generally created using cryptocurrency programming. Blockchain technology is the foundation for these cryptographic assets. Cryptographic assets cannot be traded or exchanged similarly.  

Like Bitcoin or Ethereum. Since NFT has unique properties, it cannot be replaced or interchanged. Currency and cryptocurrency can be traded or exchanged for one another because they are fungible. 

How do NFTs work? 

At a very high level, NFTs are mostly part of the Ethereum blockchain, although other blockchains may also implement NFTs. In addition to being a cryptocurrency like bitcoin or dogecoin, Ethereum's blockchain also keeps track of who's holding and trading NFTs. 

Things About NFT You Need to Know 

  • An NFT isn’t a JPEG 

An NFT can store information inside it, like a cloud storage provider. The images stored inside are the visual representation of the data, which can also contain metadata like the properties of different collections. You can, in theory, store any file as an NFT. That includes video, music, eBook, images, and more. 

  • Who is buying NFTs?  

NFTs aren’t just for high-end collectors. Some tech-savvy buyers are purchasing them as a way to support their favourite artists, athletes, or celebrities. Others are just hopping on a booming trend in the hope that the value will increase.          

  • How big is this market?  

There is more to it than you might think. NFT sales soared to more than $2 billion2 in the first quarter of 2021, a 299% increase over 20201. Auction houses are already getting in on the NFT craze and NFT-related stocks have been on the rise.   

  • Risky business 

NFTs are a risky investment, just like any other. Because they are unregulated and subject to the craze that surrounds them, prices may fluctuate and consumers may spend a lot of money on an NFT just to find out later that it isn't worth much. Liquidity. 

  • Taxable  

Surprise! They do not have any taxes – The act of purchasing or selling NFTs is taxed. NFTs are subject to capital gains tax at the top capital gains rate of 28% because they are regarded as collectables. Additionally, while purchasing and selling NFTs using cryptocurrencies, exchanging one NFT for another NFT, and converting cryptocurrencies back into US dollars, investors might anticipate paying taxes.          

  • More popular than ‘crypto’ 

Google Trends indicates that interest in NFTs is outpacing interest in cryptocurrencies. The popularity of the search term "NFT" has increased, according to the most recent Google Trends data. The fact that Bitcoin's price has been constant for some time now may be a major factor in the decline in usage of the term "crypto."  

On the other hand, the NFT market is doing well. Therefore, it makes sense that interest is continuing to rise. Some investors see NFTs as a modern approach to investing in art, but how this may pan out remains to be seen. The growing field of digital assets is volatile, but it’s a trend both investors and financial professionals should keep an eye on.  

  • The market for digital land NFTs is expanding 

Digital worlds like Decentral and the Sandbox are advancing toward virtual real estate. These platforms make use of NFTs to enable users to not only interact with but also buy, sell, and now own land inside of virtual worlds, which they can then extend as they see fit. Plot sales have surpassed $1 million, signalling the market's impending explosion. Digital assets might be paperless, but, unfortunately, they’re far from green. The computers, storage, and security required by NFTs (and cryptocurrency in general) use a lot of energy.          

Some Risks Associated With NFT 

  • Legal and regulatory challenges 

The world does not have a legal definition of NFT. NFT is classified differently in different countries such as the UK, Japan, and the EU. Hence, it is necessary to set up an international body for the regulation and legalization of non-fungible tokens throughout the world. The NFT market has seen a considerable rise, which is why a regulatory body is essential.  

Use cases for NFTs have increased greatly. As a result, regulatory bodies must adapt their rules and regulations to meet the needs of NFTs. There is still no correct definition of NFT in the current laws. The market and variety of NFTs are constantly growing, making it difficult to establish a solid compliance ground. 

  • Evaluation challenges 

A non-fungible token's value cannot be determined with certainty, which is another risk and challenge. A NFT's valuation is heavily influenced by scarcity, perceptions of buyers and sellers, and the availability of distribution channels. There is no way to predict who will be the next buyer of an NFT or what factors might influence their decision. Therefore, a NFT's value would depend mainly on how the buyer perceives its price, causing fluctuations. 

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  • Cyber Threats and Online Fraud Risks 

In addition to the popularity of NFT, cyber threats have also increased in the NFT market. A number of replicas of the original NFT stores are visible on the internet. The original logo and content make these stores appear authentic. Buying NFTs from these fake NFT stores is a huge risk because they might sell NFTs that aren't even available online.  

Besides, there is the possibility that counterfeit NFTs will be sold in a fake NFT store. Fake NFTs are also a risk when someone impersonates a famous NFT artist. Copyright theft, fake airdrops, fake NFT giveaways, and replication of popular NFTs increase the risk of online fraud.  Some people even promote such giveaways on social media to gain more attraction.  

  • Bottom Line 

There is no doubt that the domain of NFTs is plagued by a diverse range of risks and challenges. Due to its new development, non-fungible tokens have a number of challenges and risks that will help its growth. Identifying multiple risks and challenges with real-life implications illustrates the severity of each risk.  

Additionally, understanding the impact of each risk and challenge can assist in finding potential solutions. A uniform regulatory infrastructure, unique and targeted AML and CFT guidelines, and secure platforms for creating and transferring NFTs are vital as the world opens up to NFTs. Explore the challenges and risks of NFTs and discover ways to overcome them. 

  • Consideration of NFTs as securities 

A number of people consider NFTs to be securities, but the chairman of the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) stated that most NFTs are sold as securities. As a matter of fact, the Supreme Court has only associated NFTs with investment contracts. NFT is now exposed to a huge risk. An NFT must pass certain parameters of the Howey test to be considered a security.  

How Quality Assurance Could Help Overcome Risks Associated With NFTs? 

Quality assurance can contribute to the ongoing monitoring and auditing of NFT platforms to ensure continuous compliance, security, and performance. By implementing robust quality assurance practices, the risks associated with NFTs can be mitigated, fostering trust and confidence among users and regulators. 

  1. Regulatory & Legal Risks: 

  • Compliance Testing: Quality assurance teams can verify whether NFT platforms adhere to relevant regulations, such as anti-money laundering (AML) and know your customer (KYC) requirements. This includes validating the platform's processes for user verification, transaction monitoring, and reporting. 

  • Smart Contract Audits: Quality assurance professionals can conduct audits of the smart contracts underlying NFTs to identify potential legal risks and ensure compliance with applicable laws. This includes verifying the accuracy of contract terms, ownership rights, and licensing agreements. 

  1. Evaluation Challenges: 

  • Performance Testing: Quality assurance teams can perform load testing and stress testing to assess the scalability and performance of NFT platforms. This helps identify potential bottlenecks and ensure smooth user experience during high-demand periods. 

  • Usability Testing: By conducting usability tests, QA professionals can evaluate the user interface of NFT platforms and provide feedback on the clarity of instructions, ease of navigation, and overall user experience. This helps improve accessibility and adoption. 

  1. Cyber Threats & Online Frauds: 

  • Security Testing: Quality assurance can conduct comprehensive security testing to identify vulnerabilities in NFT platforms and protect against cyber threats. This includes penetration testing, vulnerability assessments, and code reviews to ensure the secure handling of sensitive information and the prevention of unauthorized access. 

  • Fraud Detection: QA teams can develop and implement fraud detection mechanisms within NFT platforms. This may involve monitoring for suspicious activities, implementing transaction validation algorithms, and integrating AI-based fraud detection systems to identify and prevent fraudulent transactions. 


You should conduct thorough research before jumping into anything based on hype. When it comes to non-fungible tokens, it is much better if you understand all the risks and challenges first. It will even make it easier for you to buy and sell NFTs in the market since the risks will be eliminated.  

Since NFTs are brand-new, it would be smart to invest a little money trying them out right now. In other words, investing in NFTs is essentially a personal decision. It's something to consider if you have some extra cash, especially if the artwork holds sentimental value for you.  

Remember, though, that a person's willingness and ability to pay for an NFT may be the only factors used to determine its value. Therefore, rather than fundamental, technological, or economic considerations, which typically affect share prices, the need will drive pricing. This should, at the very least, offer the basis for investment opportunities. 

Good Luck! 

Need help securing your banking applications with banking testing services or need help working on blockchain testing services for creating a digitally secure banking environment, our experts at BugRaptors are all equipped to help you.  

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Raghav Vashishth

Raghav is a QA enthusiast working as a Team Lead at BugRaptors. He has diverse exposure in various projects and application testing with a comprehensive understanding of all aspects of SDLC. He has 7 plus years of hands-on experience with blue-chip companies like Hitachi, Vmware, and Kloves. He is well versed in Load and Performance testing, API Testing, Manual testing, Mobile application testing, Web application testing and can create effective documentation related to testing such as Test Plan, Test Cases, Test Reports, etc.


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